The “Emerging Civil Rights Debate.” Many in the leadership of the NAACP, like Medgar Evers, came of age fighting in Europe during World War II. They fought for freedom of others but returned home expected to reassume their roles as second and third-class citizens. The days of blind subservience were being replaced by a new generation who demanded basic citizenship. There were bus strikes in Montgomery and high schools like Little Rock’s Central High were integrated by court order where armed National Guardsmen escorted students by bayonet. Generationally, their younger siblings began thinking about expanding the right to integrate bus stations, water fountains, hotels, restaurants, and lunch counters. Literacy tests, poll taxes, and brutal intimidation would soon collide with basic rights and rising expectations. A new media called television news was spending a great deal of time in many rural Southern hamlets and Jim Crow was now seen by people outside of the South. If this was not remedied legislatively, we would fall into what amounted to a Second Civil War.